Photo editing: Know your basics8:00 AM
Photo editing is a big scary term that usually conjure visions of Photoshop, huge amount of money spent and a thing best left to the pros. But it doesn't have to be all that. In fact, there are many FREE apps and software out there, I listed a few last year.
I might add a few to that list though: VSCO Cam, Photoshop Express, A color story and Picsart. All of them are free apps to use on your phone or tablet.
Out of those, I am partial to Photoshop Express, but whatever photo editing program you use, they are guaranteed to have these basic tools :
Brightness and contrast, Vibrance (called saturation in some cases), Sharpen, Crop, Filters, Highlights and Shadows.
And to be fair, you won't need much more than that to edit most pictures. For this blog post I edited the picture in multiple steps using the full fledged and paid version of Photoshop CC, but I ONLY used the tools all free apps have under one form or another.
I also used a picture I took with my phone rather than a DSLR picture. I did so simply because phone pictures need more work and would illustrate the power of editing better.
The original picture looked like this:
As you can see it is a bit dull and flat. This tend to happen more with phone pictures, especially in lower light condition.
The first thing I do to the pictures that make it to my blog is crop them, mostly because I prefer square pictures:
Cropping is of course entirely up to you, but remember that when you take pictures with your phone it is best to avoid the zoom and crop later to isolate the element you wanted in the first place.
So, now that my picture has been cropped, let's address the real problem. The first one being the brightness and contrast. This picture above is underexposed, tweaking the brightness and contrast will remedy to that problem. See how those two simple tools can transform a picture already:
Do you notice how the whites pop out? When you have picture that was taken in less than ideal light condition, cranking up the brightness will restore some of the colours that have been lost.
The contrast tool increase or reduces the difference between light tones and dark tones. A high contrast means the difference between dark and light hues will be more dramatic, a lower contrast will mean the picture will be flatter.
While the brightness is a real must to an underexposed picture, how you approach contrast is really up to you and what you want your image to look like: bold or muted. I advise you to play with those two tools to find that level at which your picture starts popping .
The next tool is the Vibrance tool, or saturation as it is called in some editing apps or programs:
The vibrance tool affects the colours. There is no right or wrong way to use it because it all depends on what you want your image to look like. In the picture above I went for a little more vibrance, it made the red of the strawberry pop a bit, and increased the golden hue of the croissant.
I decided to show you what LESS vibrance would do to the picture:
If you were a teenager in the late 80's and early 90's, you might remember these trendy postcards and posters where colours were washed out and bordering on slightly toned black and white.
Yanking the vibrance and saturation down on a picture pretty much give you that effect.
Now that I demonstrated this little vibrance trick, let's go back to the things that will sharpen your picture with a tool that is not available in all free apps, but is in both VSCO and Photoshop Express:
The highlights and shadows tool:
These two tools work a bit like the contrast tool but let you have more control over the two elements. The highlight tool will only affect the brightest area of your picture. You can make those areas brighter or darker without affecting how the shadow area will respond to the tweak.
Similarly, the shadow tool will after the darkest areas without dulling the whites as much.
Last but not least, I give you the totally optional, and most artistic tool of all: the filter tool:
The filter tool goes by many names, and in most apps you are more likely to find it under the name "Tint" or "temperature" simply because these apps come with their own preset filters (which are really cool to use too).
In Photoshop, you have to do all the work yourself, so the filter tool is really just a tool you use to add a specific colour as an undertone.
In the picture above I used a dark blue filter, but see what happens if I choose the Home Cyn Home hot pink:
Pretty cool transformation huh? In the old days, filters would have been the thing you would add to the light source, or to your camera lens while taking the picture.
With digital pictures, you can do all that work and play with colours afterward.
The best way to get better at photo editing is the same as for anything else:
Play with your pictures in you photo editing app or software of choice and familiarise yourself with the tools, settings and effects. Know that it is ok to use more than one tool too. I kid you not, for my instagram pictures I often use two apps to get the end result. There is nothing wrong about it.